Beauceron

01INTRODUCTION

The Beauceron is a large-sized, short-haired herding dog. Dogs of this breed are intelligent, focused, and obedient.

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02OVERALL STATUS

Height24 to 27.5 inches at the shoulder

TemperamentGentle, Faithful, Obedient

Weight80 to 110 pounds

Life Expectancy10 to 12 years

Coat ColorBlack, Black and Tan, Gray

Barking LevelMedium

03Quick Factors

Playfulness
Dog Friendly
Exercise Need
Grooming Needs
Strangers Friendly
Family Affectionate
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04DAILY CARE

Grooming Tips Exercise Tips Feeding Tips Health Tips Trainability

When it comes to grooming, the Beauceron is an easy keeper thanks to his short, double coat. A bath every three to four months with a mild shampoo is all that is needed. Brush his sleek coat with a natural bristle brush or rubber hound mitt several times a week to remove dead hair.

The Beauceron sheds small amounts year-round and more heavily in spring and fall. He will need more frequent brushing during seasonal shedding periods to control the amount of loose hair floating around your house.

Check the ears on a weekly basis for signs of infection, irritation, or wax build up. Cleanse regularly with a veterinarian-approved cleanser and cotton ball. Brush the teeth at least once per week to prevent tartar buildup and fight gum disease. Additionally, nails should be trimmed once per month if the dog does not wear down the toenails naturally.

The Beauceron is an athletic, high energy dog and as such they need to be given the right amount of daily exercise combined with as much mental stimulation as possible to be truly happy well-rounded dogs. Ideally, a Beauceron needs 2 hour's exercise a day, but the more the better. They excel at all sorts of canine sports which include agility trials, obedience competitions, flyball as well as herding and tracking events all of which are activities they thoroughly enjoy.

A shorter walk in the morning would be fine, but a longer more interesting one in the afternoon is a must. These dogs also like to be able to roam around a back garden as often as possible so they can really let off steam. However, the fencing has to be extremely secure to keep these energetic, handsome dogs in because if they find a weakness in the fence, they will soon escape out and get into all sorts of trouble.

With this said, Beauceron puppies should not be over exercised because their joints and bones are still growing and too much pressure on them could result in causing a dog a few problems later on in their lives. They should not be allowed to jump up or off furniture nor should they be allowed to run up and down the stairs for this very reason.

If you get a Beauceron puppy from a breeder, they would give you a feeding schedule and it's important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid any tummy upsets. You can change a puppy's diet, but this needs to be done very gradually always making sure they don't develop any digestive upsets and if they do, it's best to put them back on their original diet and to discuss things with the vet before attempting to change it again.

Older dogs are not known to be fussy or finicky eaters, but this does not mean you can feed them a lower quality diet. It's best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and then again in the evening, making sure it's good quality food that meets all their nutritional requirements. It's also important that dogs be given the right amount of exercise so they burn off any excess calories or they might gain too much weight which can lead to all sorts of health issues. Obesity can shorten a dog's life by several years so it's important to keep an eye on their waistline from the word go.

Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. Like many large breeds, Saint Bernard can experience bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach distends and twists. The causes of bloat aren’t fully understood, but experts agree that multiple, small meals per day and preventing vigorous exercise around mealtimes may help reduce the chances of it happening.

Any large or deep-chested dog may be susceptibleto bloat, a sudden and life-threatening stomach condition. Beauceron owners should educate themselves on what symptoms to look for and what to do should it occur.Responsible breederswillscreentheir breeding stock health conditions such aship dysplasia, heart disease, eye problems, and allergies. As with all breeds, a Beauceron’s ears should be checked regularly, andthe teethshould be brushed often.

The temperament and willingness to work of a Beauceron make it very easy to train. As stated previously, the Beauceron is eager to please and will be obedient to an established pack master. This breed is very strong-willed, however, and does require an assertive and firm pack master. The Beauceron must be made to heel beside their pack master and enter a door after the pack master. This shows the dog the order of the pack. All humans in the home must rank higher than the dog to prevent him from believing they lead the pack.

Puppies should be properly socialized to develop the amiable, outgoing personality that is characteristic of the breed. They’re successful in performance and companion events such as earthdog, barn hunt, obedience, and agility.

05HISTORY

The Beauceron, also known as the Berger de Beauce or the Bas Rouge, is a French shepherd dog whose name is derived from the vast agricultural region southwest of Paris.

Since its development in the late Middle Ages, the Beauceron has played many roles: soldier, bodyguard, rescuer, competitor, companion, prankster, and peerless mover of livestock. Along the way, the breed has won hearts on both sides of the Atlantic, as much for its endearing personality as for its multifaceted working ability.

During the late 19th century, many dog clubs and organizations were formed, including the Society Central Canine in 1882. It registered the first Berger de Beauce in 1893, and soon a breed standard was written to set down the dog’s characteristics. The Club des Amis du Beauceron was formed in 1922.

The Beauceron’s work as a sheepdog began to disappear with the changes wrought by modern society, but he easily moved into police and military work and served heroically during both world wars as a messenger dog, trail finder, and mine detector. Beaucerons still perform that type of work today.

The American Kennel Club recognized the Beauceron in 2007. Today the breed ranks 153rd among the dogs registered by the AKC.

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06PICTURE & VIDEO

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