Also referred to as the Mexican Hairless, the Xoloitzcuintli is one of the rarest and oldest breeds in the world. Dating back over 3,000 years, the Xoloitzcuintli were highly prized for thir healing and magical powers. Aztec Indians found this breed useful as bedwarmers, and considered sacred. Once in danger of extinction, this breed was revived and today makes a cherished companion.
The most distinctive feature of the Xoloitzcuintli breed are the upright, large bat-like ears which provide acutely keen hearing. A primitive breed, the Xoloitzcuintli is hardy, well-built, extremely agile, and elegant.
Does your Xoloitzcuintli bark, howl, and cry whenever you leave the house? Separation anxiety is extreme anxiety experienced by your dog when you are away from him.
The Xoloitzcuintli breed is affectionate, loving, intelligent, and devoted. They are highly protective of their family, home, and territory. This breed is not recommended for first time dog owners. The Xoloitzcuintli typically do not bark. Instead, they emit a howl to alert their family to danger. The do best in a home with older considerate children and dogs they have been raised with. They may be aggressive toward dogs they do not know. The Xoloitzcuintli is a sensitive and emotional breed that demands an inordinate amount of attention. They will become destructive if left alone for extended periods of time, and are prone to digestive problems and neurotic behavior if they become stressed.
Xoloitzcuintli`s are not suited for cold climates, and requires a sweater in cooler temperatures. The health of the skin is extremely important. Only bathe this breed when absolutely necessary, as over bathing can harm the skin. While it is also important to use lotion and sunscreen on the Hairless variety, caution must be exercised. Too much lotion or sunscreen results in clogged pores and acne. The Coated variety of this breed requires very minimal brushing. The Xoloitzcuintli is prone to such health issues as early tooth loss, allergies to food, skin infection, and drug sensitivity.
If your dog is displaying behavior uncharacteristic of his normal actions, call the Vet.
The Xoloitzcuintli comes in two varieties: Hairless and Coated. The Hairless only possesses a short tuft of hair on the head and tail. The skin is smooth, soft, and sufficiently hardy to withstand the elements. The Coated variety has a full coat of hair that is short, sleek, and glossy. The Xoloitzcuintli breed is non-shedding and odorless.
Early and intense socialization is an absolute must. The Xoloitzcuintli breed is quick to learn but requires a dominant handler. It is imperative that training be done with respect, love, firmness, fairness, and consistency. The Xoloitzcuintli excels in agility, obedience, and as service and therapy dogs. Teaching your dog to sit, lie down, and stay is vital to the training of your new puppy. There are several accepted methods of house training your new Xoloitzcuintli puppy. Consider crate training if you need to adapt your dog to a safe and confined environment for various safety and comfort reasons.
Xoloitzcuintli`s are well suited for apartment living. They are relatively inactive and enjoy going for securely leashed walks, sunbathing in a securely fenced yard, and spending time with their family. It is important that during any outdoor activity this breed is appropriately covered for the climate. Socialization is one of the single most important things you can do for your puppy.
Toy: 5-15; Miniature: 15-30; Standard: 25-40 lbs
Toy: 9-14; Miniature: 15-20; Standard: 20-30 inches
Black, slate, gray, brindle, fawn, red, bronze; spotted or solid